- Partly sunny, hot and humid
- Partly sunny and hot
- On-and-off rain and drizzle in the morning; otherwise, clouds giving way to some sun, very warm and humid
- Mainly cloudy and cool; on-and-off rain and drizzle in the afternoon
Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a chronic skin condition that commonly begins in childhood and can cause mild to severe symptoms, such as red, inflamed, and itchy skin. However, there are numerous treatments available to ease symptoms and prevent or minimize the severity of eczema flare-ups. Although it is a widespread condition, proper care can help manage it. At Frontier Allergy, our board-certified eczema specialists work closely with each patient to develop personalized treatment plans that can help reduce and eliminate symptoms, improving the patient's quality of life.
Common types of eczema
There are lots of types of eczema. One of the most common types is atopic dermatitis, which tends to affect people with allergies and sensitivities to environmental triggers such as pollen or dust mites. Another type is contact dermatitis which arises when you contact an irritant such as bug bites, perfume, or detergents. Contact dermatitis can range from mild irritation to severe skin damage and gets treated by an expert therapist. Other common types of eczema are:
- Dyshidrotic eczema - characterized by small, itchy blisters on the fingers, toes, palms, and soles of your feet.
- Nummular eczema-chatacterised by itchy, coin-shaped spots that form on the skin.
- Seborrheic dermatitis- Occurs on scalp.
- Stasis dermatitis- Inflammation around varicose veins.
Symptoms of Eczema
Eczema is an inclusive term used to refer to chronic skin conditions in which the skin becomes inflamed. Symptoms differ slightly among people, but usually include itching, redness, and rash-like bumps and patches on the skin. Some people experience eczema in places such as their elbows, face, arms, legs, back, and hands.
- Dry skin
- Itching, which can range from mild to severe, with its intensity increasing at night
- Red or brown-gray patches on the skin, especially over the extremities (arms and legs), upper chest, face, scalp, and anywhere where the skin may fold.
- Small, raised bumps, which may leak fluid and crust over when scratched
- Thickened, cracked, scaly patches on the skin
- Raw, sensitive, swollen skin that results from excessive scratching
Atopic dermatitis commonly starts before an individual is 5 years of age and can persist into adolescence and adulthood. For some people, it may flare periodically and then clear up for a period of time, from a couple of weeks to several years. You may see a doctor if you or a loved one begins to experience difficulty sleeping, disruptions in daily activities, skin infections, or breakthrough symptoms despite trying home remedies.
Causes of Eczema
Eczema negatively affects your skin’s ability to retain moisture and protect you from bacteria, irritants, and allergens. While it is unknown what exactly causes the development of eczema, individuals with a family history of the condition is a risk factor, as well as exposure to certain substances that can trigger the immune system. While the triggers may vary from person to person, common triggers include:
- Environmental allergens (such as pollen, dust mites, pet dander, mold, or airborne cockroach particles)
- Both chemical and natural products (such as soaps, scented products, or household cleaners and detergents)
- Dry weather
- Food allergies
Diagnosis and Treatment of Eczema
Eczema can adversely affect a person’s life by distracting an individual from school or work or by disrupting sleep due to itching. At Frontier Allergy Asthma and Immunology, your provider will be able to identify your skin condition through a thorough examination and review of your medical and family history. No cure exists for eczema, but your physician can work closely with you to develop a plan that can treat your eczema symptoms as they arise and prevent future flare-ups. Some steps you can take to prevent eczema flares or exacerbations include applying a daily moisturizer and avoiding scented or plant-based products. In addition to prevention, your physician will likely recommend medication(s) for you to take as needed to resolve flare-ups or on a daily basis for a longer period of time. These can include antihistamines, topical steroid or nonsteroidal medications, topical antibiotic medications, or even a biologic treatment (such as Dupixent, which works to reduce inflammation that triggers eczema flares from the inside of the body).
Next stepsIf you are interested in further discussion about your specific needs, Dr. Reshamwala is happy to see you and answer any questions you may have. Please call 512-382-1933 or email firstname.lastname@example.org to schedule an appointment today! Book an appointment
Written by: Dr. Neha Reshamwala
NPI number: 1780874578
Page last reviewed: 03/20/21