Hay fever (or allergic rhinitis) causes the signs and symptoms that mimic the common cold. However, unlike a cold, hay fever is caused by an allergic response to outdoor or indoor allergens. Seasonal allergic rhinitis is caused by certain plants that only pollinate at certain times of the year. Perennial allergic rhinitis causes year-round symptoms and results from allergens that are present year-round.
Symptoms of Allergic Rhinitis
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis may last for weeks or even months, depending on your trigger(s). This differs from symptoms of the common cold, which only last a few days before they resolve. Common symptoms of allergic rhinitis include:
- Runny nose, nasal congestion, postnasal drip (mucus running down the back of the throat), and/or sneezing
- Itching of the nose, roof of the mouth, and/or throat
- Itchy, watery, red, and/or swollen eyes
- Pain in the face and/or headaches
- Ear pain, popping, and/or fullness
Allergic rhinitis can lead to complications in people who have asthma, further triggering their flare-ups. It also increases an individual’s risk of developing sinus infections and ear infections.
Causes of Allergic Rhinitis
Allergic rhinitis is typically the result of environmental triggers. These can be found both outdoors and indoors as well as seasonally and perennially. Common environmental triggers include:
- Tree pollen (such as oak, pecan, and ash), which are abundant in the spring
- Grass pollen (such as from Bermuda or Timothy grass), which are abundant during the summer
- Weed pollen (such as Ragweed), which is abundant in the fall
- Mountain cedar pollen, which is abundant in the winter
- Mold spores, which are considered both seasonal and perennial
- Dust mites, cockroach particles, and pet dander, which are considered perennial allergens
Diagnosis and Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis
Allergic rhinitis symptoms are not only annoying, they can also impact an individual’s quality of life. At Frontier Allergy Asthma and Immunology, we believe that everyone deserves to live a healthy, happy life free of pesky allergy symptoms.
Our allergy specialist has extensive knowledge and experience diagnosing and treating allergic rhinitis and is available for consultation. During your visit, your doctor will discuss your medical and symptom history and perform a physical exam. They will then recommend a skin prick test or allergy blood test to identify and rule out potential triggers.
Once you receive your diagnosis, your allergist will work with you to create a treatment plan focused on managing, preventing, and improving your allergy symptoms. They will likely recommend a medication regimen for symptom management and lifestyle changes for symptom prevention. At Frontier Allergy Asthma and Immunology, we offer a few different forms of immunotherapy, which can help decrease your immune system’s sensitivity to your triggers, thereby decreasing the severity, amount, and duration of your symptoms.
Immunotherapy options include sublingual immunotherapy (allergy drops) and subcutaneous immunotherapy (allergy shots). Patients who decide to undergo allergy shot therapy may additionally decide between a personalized Cluster Immunotherapy plan and Traditional Immunotherapy. Cluster Immunotherapy is a great option for those trying to achieve allergy improvement as quickly as possible in the safety of our clinic.
Next stepsIf you are interested in further discussion about your specific needs, Dr. Reshamwala is happy to see you and answer any questions you may have. Please call 512-382-1933 or email email@example.com to schedule an appointment today! Book an appointment
Written by: Dr. Neha Reshamwala
NPI number: 1780874578
Page last reviewed: 03/20/21